ABA Science-Based Research
Early Intensive Behavioral Treatment: Replication of the UCLA Model in a Community Setting.
Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics. 27(2) Supplement 2:S145-S155, April 2006.
COHEN, HOWARD Ph.D. 1; AMERINE-DICKENS, MILA M.S. 2; SMITH, TRISTRAM Ph.D. 3
Abstract: Although previous studies have shown favorable results with early intensive behavioral treatment (EIBT) for children with autism, it remains important to replicate these findings, particularly in community settings. The authors conducted a 3-year prospective outcome study that compared 2 groups: (1) 21 children who received 35 to 40 hours per week of EIBT from a community agency that replicated Lovaas' model of EIBT and (2) 21 age- and IQ-matched children in special education classes at local public schools. A quasi-experimental design was used, with assignment to groups based on parental preference. Assessments were conducted by independent examiners for IQ (Bayley Scales of Infant Development or Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scales of Intelligence), language (Reynell Developmental Language Scales), nonverbal skill (Merrill-Palmer Scale of Mental Tests), and adaptive behavior (Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales). Analyses of covariance, with baseline scores as covariates and Year 1-3 assessments as repeated measures, revealed that, with treatment, the EIBT group obtained significantly higher IQ (F = 5.21, p = .03) and adaptive behavior scores (F = 7.84, p = .01) than did the comparison group. No difference between groups was found in either language comprehension (F = 3.82, p = .06) or nonverbal skill. Six of the 21 EIBT children were fully included into regular education without assistance at Year 3, and 11 others were included with support; in contrast, only 1 comparison child was placed primarily in regular education. Although the study was limited by the nonrandom assignment to groups, it does provide evidence that EIBT can be successfully implemented in a community setting. (Read original abstract)
(C) 2006 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.
Behavior Modification, Vol. 26, No. 1, 49-68 (2002)
Intensive Behavioral Treatment at School for 4- to 7-Year-Old Children with Autism
A 1-Year Comparison Controlled Study
University of Rochester
Akershus Central Hospital
(Read original abstract)
A comparison of intensive behavior analytic and eclectic treatments for young children with autism
Jane S. Howard, Coleen R. Sparkman, Howard G. Cohen, Gina Green and Harold Stanislaw California State University, Stanislaus, Psychology Department, 801 W. Monte Vista Avenue, Turlock, CA 95382, USA The Kendall School, Modesto, CA 95354, USA Valley Mountain Regional Center, Stockton, CA 95269, USA University of North Texas and San Diego State University, San Diego, USA Received 25 June 2004; revised 5 September 2004; accepted 12 September 2004. Available online 23 February 2005.
Lovaas Institute (pdf)
Intensive Early Intervention using Behavior Therapy is the Single Most Widely Accepted Treatment for Autism. It is No Longer to be Considered either an Experimental or an Investigative Treatment. In fact, it is the only evidence-based treatment available for autism.
The RSAFFRAN Website: ABA Resources for Recovery from Autism/PDD/Hyperlexia
Intensive Behavioral Treatment for Children With Autism: (pdf) Four-Year Outcome and Predictors
Glen O. Sallows and Tamlynn D. Graupner
Comparing Autism Support Methods (pdf)